Tatul is a rock-cult complex near the village of Tatul called by the locals Kayabashi (translated from Turkish “stone head”). A sarcophagus in the shape of a truncated pyramid, one of the most puzzling megalithic monuments in Bulgaria, was found here. It has no analog among the many megalithic monuments registered by the archaeologists in Bulgaria and around the world. Tatul is the best-preserved temple complex carved into a monolithic rock.
The local historian Nikola Ivanov was the first to describe Tatul in the distant 1933. In 1940 it was studied by Vasil Mikov, a Bulgarian archaeologist, who expressed various hypotheses about the place. Later, in the early 70s of the XX century, Tatul was described in detail by Prof. Ivan Venedikov and Nikolay Vikhodtsevski. According to them, a Thracian king who lived 3,500 years ago was buried there, whose tomb later began to serve as a worship place for the Thracians.
The sanctuary is a rock massif, and its top – a truncated pyramid. The complex consists of two sarcophagi, a quadrangular bed for the main altar, a three-meter wall, and numerous carvings. Local Thracian tribes have used the complex most intensively from the end of the 5th and the beginning of the 4th millennium BC, as evidenced by the fragments of pottery found in the area. The rock pyramid and the tombs around date from around the 18th – 11th century BC. There is evidence that locals have used the site for sacrifices as well. The archaeologists found hundreds of cult objects – clay idols and spindle vertebrae, models of vessels, bronze objects, an image of the Sun God, and many others.
The first archaeoastronomical studies of the site were carried out between 1981 and 1987 by Prof. Nikola Nikolov, Slavey Zlatev, and Kalina Vasileva.
HOW TO GET THERE
The preparation of a guided tour program/offer is free of charge. You’ll get a package price from us up front, which will include the services of a professionally qualified tour guide; pick up and drop off from your hotel/accommodation; transportation by A/C vehicle, fuel and parking expenses; accommodation, transfers from/to airport and all other additional services you might need.
You will obtain from us a Final Trip Plan of this tour in both web and pdf formats. Please have a look at sample web version with photos, maps and video here. Please download a sample version of a Final Trip Plan in pdf format here.
You can use the Final Trip Plan to make the needed reservations and reservations by yourself.
The Final Trip Plan of the trip will contain: a web version of the tour; a pdf version of the tour (see the sample above), а short description (Resume); Basic information about the trip (duration, places to be visited, tour mileage, the period of travel; а trip budget with detailed expenses table (downloadable pdf file); а Google map with the itinerary and bookmarks for places, hotels and restaurants; а link to a Google Earth interactive map with features like “Street view”, 3D etc; A link to a Google KML file, which can be uploaded to a cell phone and used during the trip; а detailed program day by day with activities and places to be visited, recommendations for accommodation and nice restaurants with links for bookings and reservations.
Additionally to the Final Trip Plan we make all the bookings and reservations on your behalf. We do this through our licensed travel agency “Thousand Voyages” Ltd.
- Transportation and logistics: We coordinate, book and manage all the transportation elements of your trip – planes, trains, rent-a-cars, busses… everything to and from your destination, and between various places during your trip.
- Accommodation: We coordinate, book and manage all of your selected accommodations. We recommend the best selections at every destination on your trip, including hotels, airbnbs, bed and breakfasts, that fit your tastes, budget and are available during your travel dates. You will find the names of the properties in Final Trip Plan, with connections to the websites or booking forms. Sometimes the chosen by us accommodation is not on booking.com or any other platform, especially those in the distant areas. In this example we provide the name of the owner and a telephone number.
- 24/7 emergency support with a dedicated travel consultant: 4/7 Support throughout your journey (SMS, Email, Skype).
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